The United Church is voting on changes to its doctrine. Every presbytery and every congregation will cast a ballot to decide whether changes will be made to the central document of the denomination, "The Basis of Union." Actually there are four choices:


  1. to approve a change which would make our doctrinal statement read that Scripture is the primary source of doctrine, and that the 20 Articles, along with the 1948 Statement of Faith are secondary sources.
  2. to approve a change which would make our doctrinal statement read that Scripture is the primary source of doctrine, and that the 20 Articles, along with the 1968 "A New Creed" (as it currently reads, it has been amended over the years) are secondary sources.
  3. to approve a change which would make our doctrinal statement read that Scripture is the primary source of doctrine, and that the 20 Articles, along with the 2008 "Song of Faith" are secondary sources.
  4. the fourth choice isn't so obvious, but if all three proposals are rejected, the doctrine of our church remains the 20 Articles.
Now if you've heard me preach, you know that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the primary source of faith in Jesus Christ. (No, more than that, they are the only way of knowing who this Jesus Christ is!) Yet I am very uncomfortable with the proposal to make the statement that "Scripture is the primary source of our doctrine" the primary statement of our doctrine. Passing any of these proposals would deeply undermine the community of the United Church. Let me explain.
The 20 articles clearly put scripture first: they defer to scripture, they declare their intention to merely represent what scripture already teaches. Yet in doing so, they articulate what the primacy of scripture means to the church. Without that, primacy tells us nothing at all.
Let me focus on one analogy, that of artwork.


For some, who accept the primacy of Scripture, the Bible could be described as a photograph. Each figure, each colour, each pixel it an accurate presentation of reality, rendered exactly as history unfolded. The Story is entirely, mechanically, and perfectly reproduced.


For others, who accept the primacy of Scripture, the Bible is more like a painting. Much of it, for sure, is Realist: detailed, accurate, like the focus of a Bateman print almost photographic in its quality. But other parts are Impressionistic, Expressionist, or even occasionally abstract. These parts tell the story truly, but don't communicate in the same way as a photograph. Still the Story is told in its own way, perfectly communicated in the manner of art, rather than the perfection of photography.


For others, who would claim the primacy of Scripture, the Bible is more of a palette, the source of colours for constructing all sorts of stories. They may very well dismiss the narrative arc that pervades the Scripture, the grand tale of Creation, Fall, Redemption and Restoration, and merely choose a bit of blue from Job, some red from the passion narratives, and paint a picture more compatible to their convictions. Indeed, perhaps it is better to say that the Bible becomes a source for a mosaic- cut into tiles, and made into a whole new glorious piece of art; or perhaps one extracts narrative threads and weaves a whole new tapestry. All the while declaring that Scripture is primary.
No doubt my tone has given away that I lean toward the painting viewpoint. I sympathize with the photographic perspective, since the same story emerges in the end. In fact, the 20 Articles allow for both perspectives, while, I think, favouring the painting. But I do not accept the validity of the third perspective. The palette/mosaic/tapestry approach is taken by people on the left and the right, as they create a Jesus and a faith in their own image, all the while claiming scripture as their source and inspiration. I see the third viewpoint as an error to which we all are prone, from which our creeds, confessions and the communion with other Christians through all the centuries guard us.
For a statement that seeks to express that our unity as a church consists of our shared confidence in Jesus Christ as revealed in Scripture, the vague generality that Scripture is primary can not stand alone. Definition and detail can not be subordinated to this statement, but need to be incorporated into it: which lo and behold, our current doctrine already does.



During a track and field meet, something interesting happened at the high jump. It was perfectly ordinary at first, until one athlete, having missed two attempts, was making his third and final approach. He made a misstep, and knowing he couldn’t make the leap, he gave up and simply ducked under the bar.  Of course he fully expected to be disqualified, but when he looked to the judges, they appeared not to have noticed. They simply signalled for the next round to begin.

Confused at first, and relieved, he walked back to the line up and prepared to go on as if nothing happened.  But he had an amusing thought – why not see if it happened again? So on his first attempt he faked a stumble, ducked under the bar, and looked to the judges. Once again they didn’t seem to notice, and he saw that he had automatically been advanced.

Of course it wasn’t long before others caught on. Several athletes began to walk under the bar, while others continued to jump as normal.  Though the crowd began to jeer the new interpretation of high-jumping the judges paid no attention, in fact they seemed to be entirely absorbed in conversation among themselves.

Slowly the high jump devolved into a bit of a farce. Those walking under the bar began to amuse themselves as they crawled, slid, and limbo-ed past the apparatus. They began to get a few chuckles from the bleachers, and soon were playing  to the crowd to applause and laughter.

Shortly the change took on a new edge. Those practicing the high jump were boring and conventional. Whenever they rattled the bar, or knocked it down, the judges, disturbed by the noise would impatiently turn to their jobs, mark their records and disqualify the failing jumpers. Soon enough even the crowds turned on them, jeering their pointless efforts, mocking them when they rattled the bar, and cheering the judges when a high jumper was disqualified.

The event isn’t over yet. There are still people lining up to run under the bar, but it must be noted that the crowds have shrunk dramatically. In the long run it turns out  that what happened at the high jump just isn’t that interesting after all.

My apologies: I was going to write about the decline of faith, moral, and doctrinal standards in the church. I appear to have run out of space with my little digression so, perhaps another time.



Dr. Miller,

Many years ago I submitted a redraft of the Articles of Faith, in an attempt to take a light hearted look at theological drift. Theological Digest was kind enough to publish it.  I just came across a “new Item” I created  four years ago, when I heard that the CAW was trying to organize clergy. I thought you might like the opportunity to reject it:


I just received another appeal from the CAW (Canadian Auto Workers Union) to join the union drive among the United Church of Canada Clergy. Seriously. And I ran across this bit that I wrote when I first heard about it in 2005. Today I can only add that if the CAW does for the United Church of Canada what it has done for the Auto Industry, would God be pleased or displeased?

Pastor's Union Seeks First Contract

Ottawa, Canada - Preachers, Pastors and Apostles United Local 0904 is considering expanding its current job action to secure its first contract. “Our work-to-rule campaign is having a huge effect,” insists Rev. Buster Hardcore. “We believe all our demands will be met once the full impact hits our communities.”

Rockland Saint Andrew’s Pastoral Charge, a small but vital congregation in Eastern Ontario, just got served notice that they will be charged $55/month by the United Church of Canada for the privilege of being invoiced for their monthly Pensions and Benefits remittances.

Rockland employs one settled minister, who was recently moved from ½ salary to ¾ salary. It’s his partial pension and healthcare benefits cost (@ $790/month) that is the sole issue here.

A couple years ago, the General Council of the United Church passed a measure requiring all pastoral charges to enrol in the services of a large payroll company. The reasoning was that payroll was getting complicated and church treasurers couldn’t handle it any more.


A quick Lenten commentary on the four Gospels, chapter by chapter.

New 2-3 chapters will be published each day through Lent 2020.